MHD SIMULATIONS OF DISK-MAGNETIZED STAR INTERACTIONS IN QUIESCENT
Authors: Romanova, M.M., Ustyugova, G.V., Koldoba, A.V., Lovelace R.V.E.Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations have been used to study disk accretion to a rotating magnetized star with an aligned dipole moment. Quiescent initial conditions were developed in order to avoid the fast initial evolution seen in earlier studies. A set of simulations was performed for different stellar magnetic moments and rotation rates. Simulations have shown that the disk structure is significantly changed inside a radius rbr where magnetic braking is significant. In this region the disk is strongly inhomogeneous. Radial accretion of matter slows as it approaches the area of strong magnetic field and a dense ring and funnel flow form at the magnetospheric radius rm where the magnetic pressure is equal to the total, kinetic plus thermal, stress of the matter.
Funnel flows (FF), where the disk matter moves away from the disk plane and ows along the stellar magnetic field, are found to be stable features during many rotations of the disk. The dominant force driving matter into the FF is the pressure gradient force, while gravitational force accelerates it as it approaches the star. The magnetic force is much smaller than the other forces. The funnel flow is found to be strongly sub-Alfvenic everywhere. The FF is subsonic close to the disk, but it becomes supersonic well above the disk. Matter reaches the star with a velocity close to that of free-fall.
Angular momentum is transported to the star dominantly by the magnetic
field. In the disk the transport of angular momentum is mainly by the matter, but closer to the star the matter transfers its
angular momentum to the magnetic field and the magnetic field is dominant in transporting angular
momentum to the surface of the star. For slowly rotating stars we observed that magnetic braking leads
to the deceleration of the inner regions of the disk and the star spins up. For a rapidly rotating star, the
inner regions of the disk rotate with a super-Keplerian velocity, and the star spins-down. The average