"PROPELLER" REGIME OF DISK ACCRETION TO RAPIDLY ROTATING STARS 

Authors: Ustyugova G.V., Koldoba A.V., Romanova M.M., and Lovelace R. V. E.  

We present results of axisymmetic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the interaction of a rapidly-rotating, magnetized star with an accretion disk. The disk is considered to have a finite viscosity and magnetic diffusivity. The main parameters of the system are the star's angular velocity and magnetic moment, and the disk's viscosity, diffusivity. We focus on the "propeller" regime where the inner radius of the disk is larger than the corotation radius. Two types of magnetohydrodynamic flows have been found as a result of simulations: "weak" and "strong" propellers. The strong propeller is characterized by a powerful disk wind and a collimated magnetically dominated outflow or jet from the star. The weak propeller have only weak outflows. We investigated the time-averaged characteristics of the interaction between the main elements of the system, the star, the disk, the wind from the disk, and the jet. Rates of exchange of mass and angular momentum between the elements of the system are derived as a function of the main parameters. The propeller mechanism may be responsible for the fast spinning-down of the classical T Tauri stars in the initial stages of their evolution, and for the spinning-down of accreting millisecond pulsars.

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Last updated on 29.01.07