MAGNETO-CENTRIFUGALLY DRIVEN WINDS: COMPARISON OF MHD SIMULATIONS WITH THEORY

Authors: G. V. Ustyugova, A. V. Koldoba, M. M. Romanova, V. M. Chechetkin, R. V. E. Lovelace

Stationary magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) outflows from a rotating, conducting Keplerian accretion disk threaded by B-field are investigated numerically by time-dependent, axisymmetric (2.5D) simulations using a Godunov-type code. A large class of stationary magneto-centrifugally driven winds are found where matter is accelerated from a thermal speed at the disk to much larger velocity, greater than the fast magnetosonic speed and larger than the escape speed. The flows are approximately spherical outflows with only small collimation within the simulation region. Numerical results are shown to coincide with the theoretical predictions of ideal, axisymmetric MHD to high accuracy. Investigation of the influence of outer boundary conditions, particularly that on the toroidal component of magnetic field shows that the commonly used ``free'' boundary condition leads to artificial magnetic forces which can act to give spurious collimation. New boundary conditions are proposed which do not generate artificial forces. Artificial results may also arise for cases where the Mach cones on the outer boundaries are partially directed into the simulation region. 

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Last updated on 29.01.07