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HERSCHEL

Link to the Herschel Web site

I. General project/facility description

  1. Overview of the facility/project
    Herschel is a 3.5m aperture, space-borne observatory passively cooled to 80K that will orbit the earth-sun L2 point and have imaging and spectroscopic capabilities in the wavelength range from 60 to 670 µ. Its primary mission will be to study the formation of galaxies, investigate the creation of stars, and examine the chemistry of the universe.

  2. Managing institution and organization
    The mission is presently managed by the European Research and Technology Center (ESTEC) in the Netherlands for the European Space Agency (ESA). Management of the mission will be transferred to the Villafranca Satelite Tracking Station (VILSPA), Spain for the post launch phase of the mission.

    The U.S. portion of the mission is being managed by JPL for NASA. During the post launch phase U.S. observers will interact with the NASA Herschel Science Center (NHSC) at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at Caltech.

  3. Funding source(s)
    The mission is funded primarily by ESA with a large NASA participation. During the post launch phase, NASA will be funding a grants program similar to other NASA flight missions ( e.g. HST, Chandra).

  4. Construction history and cost
    NASA contribution through launch in real year dollars in millions of dollars . The primary assumption here is that the launch date will be met.

    PriorFY01FY02FY03FY04FY05 FY06FY07total
    30.815.213.720.318.35.36.912.6126.9
  5. Operational history and cost
    Future facility. Budgeted costs are as follows:

    FY08FY09FY10FY11FY12 FY13FY14FY15total
    Total(inc grants)         
    28.027.425.9tbdtbd tbdtbdtbdtbd
             

II. Technical details

  1. Specifics of telescope/instrument

  2. New capabilities anticipated/planned in next 5-10 years
    Future facility: see above.

III. User profile

  1. % of "open skies" time
    Approximately 67% of the facility observing time will be openly competed internationally. 33% of the facility observing time is reserved for the guaranteed time observers (=instrument teams, ESA Project Scientist, and the mission and telescope scientists).

  2. Institutional affiliations of users
    Decisions on the allocation of observing time is made by the Herschel Time Allocation Committee. Any person affiliated with an American institution will be eligible to propose for observing time associated with funding through the grant program.

  3. Student access, involvement, usage
    Other than the openly competed time and the U.S. portion of guaranteed time, no special arrangements have been made for students.

IV. Science Overview

  1. Current forefront scientific programs
    Future facility: NA

  2. Major discoveries (through 1999)
    Future facility: NA

  3. Science highlights of last 5 years
    Future facility: NA

  4. Main future science questions to be addressed

  5. Synergies with other major forefront facilities

  6. Unique contributions

V. Education/Outreach activities

  1. Visitor facility
    EPO will be conducted at the NASA Herschel Science Center (IPAC/Caltech) in a manner similar to that which is presently being performed for Spitzer.

  2. Student programs
    Future facility: NYA.

VI. Documentation/website URLs

  1. URL of facility website

  2. URL of EPO website

  3. URL(s) of any brief overviews of project/facility
    http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=34682

  4. URL(s) of miscellaneous documentation
    See above.

This page created and maintained for the RMSPG by Martha Haynes
Last modified: Thu Feb 10 22:45:00 EST 2005 J. Wiseman